Wisdom teeth are the final set of teeth that grow in the late teen years and early twenties in an individual’s life. They normally grow at the back of one’s gum and most individuals have one wisdom tooth on each corner of the gum. By the time the wisdom tooth begins to grow the first 28 teeth are already in perfect positions and this deprives space for them to grow appropriately. Due to lack of space, it results in several complications as they struggle to fit in the mouth. Some complications include misalignment where the wisdom tooth positions itself in a horizontal manner towards or away from the adjacent molars, also it may partially grow through the gums which are very painful and exposes the gum to bacteria causing infections. Which can result in accumulation of pus, swelling, difficulty in eating and excess pain?
How are wisdom teeth treated and removed?
Before the extraction process begins, the surrounding tissues and the teeth are numbed with an anaesthetic drug. However, in some instances the doctor may suggest a sedative so as to reduce anxiety, for example, the laughing gas is commonly known as nitrous oxide, this sedative also enables you to comfortably leave after the procedure and arrive home.
Controversies and Complications associated with the wisdom tooth extraction.
After wisdom tooth removal, you are bound to experience the following: Bleeding which you can manage by applying constant pressure on the empty tooth, for instance, you can use a tea bag that has moisture in it. You can also experience swelling and you can minimise this by placing a piece of cloth with some ice inside it. Your dentist may also prescribe some medications to reduce the pain and reduce infections.
However, even after you have successfully removed your wisdom tooth you may experience a dry socket, which comes when the socket fails to for a blood clot which delays the healing process and your dentist may have to place some medicine in the socket.
Another complication is paresthesia, which is not a common complication but happens when the nerves close to the wisdom tooth get damaged during the extraction process. Please note that if you require medical help, please see your local clinic